Having problems with your Compaq Presario M2000 Notebook ?

What is grub error 17? how to fix it? - Compaq Presario M2000 Notebook


Answers :

Its GRand Unified Bootloader used in Linux OS.
Normally you get this error when GRUB is not able recognise the partition from which you are trying to boot the system. Make sure the boot partition on your system is recognisable by GRUB (such as EXT3).

You can try to restore the GRUB using the LIVE CD
\015\012
    \015\012
  1. Boot From Live CD
  2. \015\012
  3. Open Terminal Window
  4. \015\012
  5. type >sudo grub
  6. \015\012
  7. then type : find /boot/grub/stage1
  8. \015\012
  9. you'll get something like: (hd0, 1)
  10. \015\012
  11. then type : >root (hd0, 1)
  12. \015\012
  13. type: > setup (hd0)
  14. \015\012
  15. >quit
  16. \015\012
  17. >exit
Remove the Live CD and reboot the system.


Please let me know if you need any further assistance.


Thank you for choosing Fixya




Grub error 17 means that GRUB is not able to read the partition you told it to. There are several possible causes, but the most likely is that the partition is there - but the device isn't, because it was detected in a different order from that captured at installation.

Unless caused by a physical disk failure (as in: "everything has worked for months, now I get error 17"), the error is always recoverable, since your data IS in there. Somewhere.

I quote a good walkthrough found on the Internet:
===

I got this error after installing the Ubuntu 7.10 release candidate.
\015\012
\015\012The error usually happens because Linux and your BIOS detect your hard\015\012disks in different orders. GRUB tries to translate between the two\015\012using the device.map file in /boot/grub/device.map, which is\015\012automatically generated. Chances are, it guessed wrong.
\015\012
\015\012In my case, I have three SATA hard disks.
\015\012
\015\012My BIOS sees them as:
\015\012HDD1 - 80 GB - Windows
\015\012HDD2 - 80 GB - Linux
\015\012HDD3 - 250 GB - Media
\015\012
\015\012Linux sees them as:
\015\012/dev/sda - 80 GB - Windows
\015\012/dev/sdb - 250 GB - Media
\015\012/dev/sdc - 80 GB - Linux
\015\012
\015\012So it generated device.map assuming that order was correct, i.e.:
\015\012(hd0) /dev/sda
\015\012(hd1) /dev/sdb
\015\012(hd2) /dev/sdc
\015\012
\015\012When the installer installed GRUB using that data, it tried to install\015\012the first part of GRUB on /dev/sda and told it to look for the OS on\015\012/dev/sdc. Unfortunately, this translated to "install on (hd0) then look\015\012for the OS on (hd2)", so it was looking for the OS on the wrong drive.
\015\012
\015\012To fix it, you have to teach GRUB which order the BIOS uses. To do this, follow these steps:
\015\012
\015\0121) Boot from the Ubuntu CD
\015\0122) Open a Terminal (Applications->Accessories->Terminal)
\015\0123) Run "sudo -s"
\015\0124) Run "mkdir /ubuntu"
\015\0125) Run "mount /dev/sdc1 /ubuntu" (where /dev/sdc1 is your Linux root partition)
\015\0126) Run "chroot /ubuntu"
\015\0127) Run "cd /boot/grub"
\015\012:-) Edit device.map (using vi or another text editor)
\015\012
\015\012In my case, my new device.map was:
\015\012(hd0) /dev/sda
\015\012(hd1) /dev/sdc
\015\012(hd2) /dev/sdb
\015\012
\015\012which told GRUB that sdc was really the second hard drive, not the third.
\015\012
\015\0129) Run "grub --device.map=device.map"
\015\01210) Type "root (hd1,0)" (where hd1,0 is your Linux boot or root partition using the BIOS order)
\015\01211) Type "setup (hd0)" (where hd0 is your first boot drive, almost always hd0)
\015\012
\015\012You should see a message that it's now telling GRUB to load 17+(hd1,0)\015\012instead of 17+(hd2,0) or something like that. This is what we want.
\015\012
\015\01212) Edit menu.lst
\015\012
\015\012You need to change references from (hd2,0) to (hd1,0), or whatever your\015\012Linux boot drive was autodetected as to whatever it is according to\015\012your BIOS.
\015\012
\015\012If you get this step wrong, you'll see an error message something like:
\015\012Error 17: Cannot mount selected partition
\015\012
\015\012meaning it's looking for a Linux file system on that partition, but it\015\012can't find one (because the drive device number is wrong in menu.lst).
\015\012
\015\01213) Reboot
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