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The green power light on the PSU is on but the machine will not power up PSU is an HP5188-2627. The machine (HP m7580uk) has been on for an extended period of time but was working fine until it was finally turned off


Answers :

Power supply failure, or the Power On switch. (Behind the Power On button)

My money's on the power supply failure.

Why?
It's the leading case of computer failure. The power supply is the 'Heart' of a computer. (Processor is the 'Brain', Motherboard is the 'Building Block')

Computer was on for an extended length of time? Was the computer ever turned off, and the inside of the computer cleaned out on a regular basis?
(Power supply also)

Normal procedure is to unplug the computer from power, open the computer case, and use a can of compressed air for computers.

Power supply light is on?
This is what is going on.

Computer power supply's are rated in Wattage, for power.
Voltage times Amperage = Wattage

The HP 5188-2627 power supply, supplies three main voltages. It has three main voltage power rails.

1) The 3.3 Volt rail
2) The 5 Volt rail
3) The 12 Volt rail

Your power supply has a weak voltage rail.

A) ALL the lights use less than 1 Watt of power.
B) EACH fan uses 2 to 3 Watts
C) A typical Processor uses 55 to 125 Watts.

There isn't enough power from the power supply to turn the Processor on.

Solution is to replace the power supply.
It may seem a little daunting for someone replacing a computer power supply, the first time.

After you have replaced one, it becomes easier.
Essentially you are just opening the computer case, unplugging the power cables from the power supply to the various hardware components, and removing the power supply.

To install just reverse these steps.

The power supply in your computer is a 300 Watt power supply. (Maximum wattage)

The size, and shape of the power supply, is one that is used in over 90% of personal computers.
ATX

What I would I recommend for a replacement?
Not one of the cheap quailty Hi-Pro's that HP used, that's for sure!

An OCZ StealthXStream 400 Watt is what I would recommend.
Why?

1) It will fit
2) It has a 140 Millimeter fan compared, to the 80mm fan that your old power supply has.

A larger fan means it will run quieter, due to the fact that it won't have to turn as fast, in order to put out as much air.
Will actually put out more air than that 80mm fan, and will spin slower.

3) Has two 12 Volt power rails.
One 12 Volt rail can deliver 17 Amps.
The other 12 Volt rail can deliver 14 Amps.

You can add the two 12 Volt power rail Amp's together, for 31 Amps.

Means less strain for the power supply, to keep up with the tasks.
(Your old power supply probably has an 18 Amp, 12 Volt power rail)

4) Has all the power cables you'll need.

5) Price, and reliable quality.

This is one place that carries them,

http://www.tigerdirect.com/applications/SearchTools/item-details.asp?EdpNo=4675269&CatId=1078

There are other places also. Not advertising for the above website, nor the power supply manufacturer.
Just my personal preference, based on experience with both.

A computer only uses the power it needs, and NO more.
If you install a 1000 Watt power supply in your computer, and the computer only needs 100 Watts, it only uses 100 Watts.

(Surfing the internet typically uses 100 Watts of power. Like a 100 Watt light bulb)

This may help guide you in replacing the power supply,

http://www.hardwaresecrets.com/article/362

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